uk census records

Unfortunately, the 1931 census for England and Wales was destroyed by fire in 1942, and no census was taken in 1941 because of the Second World War. Our search will find some variations and abbreviations of a forename automatically. Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for single from 1891). Search Census & Electoral Rolls UK Census Collection UK Census Collection. United Kingdom Census Records The censuses from 1841 to 1911 are available online. As with the 1861 census, you can use our catalogue to search the record series for any other census year to find out about whole parishes or districts that are known to be missing, but compared to 1861 there is less detail about odd missing pages. The National Archives references for censuses, Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles, England, Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man, Online versions for the street indexes for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891, digitised and indexed images of the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51, Friends of The National Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO Kew (now known as The National Archives). The 1939 Register is similar to but not the same as the census. Use FreeCEN to access 19th Century UK Censuses online and for free. One record set that many people find useful in tracing their British Ancestry are the UK Census records. Read about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. Added May 31, 2015. The 1921 UK Census. The General Register Office was responsible for taking the census, so it used the administrative framework already in place for the registration of births, marriages and deaths. Why can't I find my ancestor in the census? The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. Some transcripts of census records covering England, Wales and Scotland are available free of charge on FreeCEN.org.uk. Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. Watch the video Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins. Elsewhere in the UK, responsibility lies with the National Records of Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk offer an exact reference search facility for each census year. Click a region on the map to begin. Nationality of anyone born overseas whether British by parentage, British by naturalisation (including year of naturalisation) or, if a foreign national, of which country. The extra refererence is a folio number and (optionally) a page number. It is free to search on these sites, but there is a charge to view full search results and digitised images. For anyone born outside England and Wales, whether they were resident or visitor in the country. Most genealogical records, such as births, marriages and deaths, focus almost exclusively on an individual, at one fixed moment in time. Alexander wil… In 1901 Royal Navy ships in foreign waters are listed alphabetically, and there are no returns for ships between HMS Amphion and HMS High Flyer. Exact addresses were not required in 1841, only ‘place’. Each Registrar of Births and Deaths was responsible for a sub-district, which they divided into enumeration districts (EDs), and recruited enumerators for each ED. Although most people now access the census online, and not on microfilm, census references are still very useful. You can search by name, browse by place, or locate an exact page if you have the full census reference. Census name indexes and transcripts are available online. 1901 Census Online. The National Archives has the census schedules on microfilm available from The census can provide the full name, exact age, relationship to head of household, sex, occupation, parish and county of birth, medical disabilities and employment status of an individual. Read section 5 for details of the information recorded in each census year. Search for records of your ancestors. The Superintendent Registrar was responsible for collecting the returns from each Registrar of Births and Deaths in their registration district, and sending them to the Census Office in London. 09:00 to 17:00. Census records can provide the building blocks of your research. When searching Census please provide at least the first 2 characters of … Once the enumeration books had been completed, most household schedules were destroyed, although there are some rare survivals. Unoccupied houses and non-residential properties such as churches and factories are also listed. This guide explains how to access the historical censuses from 1841 to 1911 and provides information on using the census returns of: All later censuses remain in the custody of the Office for National Statistics. However, a duplicate copy of the enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 was sent to the General Register Office by the Admiralty and is included in RG 19/20. The first four UK censuses, from 1801 to 1831, were largely a ‘head count’ to measure population growth. Elizabeth will find also find Elisabeth and Eliz 2. This page, from the enumeration books, shows part of the head count at Buckingham Palace (catalogue reference HO 107/1478). If born elsewhere in the British Empire, the colony or dependency, and the state or province. From 1841 to 1901 the information from the schedules was then copied into enumeration books. Special enumeration books were completed for institutions such as workhouses, barracks and hospitals in every census year from 1851, including 1911. Then fill in the gaps with electoral rolls and poll books. Report a Problem. Read section 11 for information on using census references. However, in rural areas the only information given still might be the name of the village or parish. 2. Census records for Hull and Sculcoates 1841-1901 are also available to view on microfilm, searchable by address only. Since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages, each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page. You’ve accepted all cookies. ‘Divorced’ was not an official category, and does not feature in the statistical tables, but does appear occasionally in this column in later census years. My Free Census is a census directory to help you find free England census records online. Forenames have been transcribed as recorded by the Enumerator. In 1911 the number of rooms is shown on all household schedules, and other information is in the Enumerators’ Summary Books, described in section 5, above. The object of the census was not to obtain detailed information about individuals, but to provide information about the population as a whole; listing everyone by name, wherever they happened to be on a single night, was the most efficient way to count everybody once, and nobody twice. The United Kingdom conducted a census every 10 years from 1841-1911. The census returns for most years follow a single format, but there are slightly different arrangements for 1841 and 1911. Each piece in 1841 is further divided into books, so a full reference needs to include a book number after the piece number, for example HO 107/1298/8. v3.0, except where otherwise stated. Only the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along with a very small number of earlier returns. However, the original enumeration books for the town of Wrexham were discovered in a bookshop, and are now deposited in the Denbighshire Archives. 1911 was the first census where the British Army overseas was enumerated; previously there was only a headcount. The census is a count of all people and households in the UK, which takes place every 10 years. If you’re a people person, have great customer service skills and want to be part of something that affects all of us, then apply for a job with the census.. For Census 2021, we’ll be hiring at least 30,000 field staff across England and Wales. Where to access and how to search the censuses, 7. UK Census Online. There are many reasons that explain why you might not find somebody in the census. Use our library catalogue to find a recommended book list. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census. Many local and county record offices also hold microfilm or microfiche copies of the census returns for their own area, excluding 1911. Home. For more guidance on how to search our catalogue, read Discovery search help. The books are all available in The National Archives’ reference library. An indexed transcript has been published by the Clwyd Family History Society, and a copy is available at The National Archives. research. This is particularly useful when a person can be found using a name search on one site, but not on another, due to differences in transcription. People are looking for many things including information about their lost family, relatives, ancestors or family lineage. For the first time the household schedules were kept, instead of being copied into enumeration books. As the new king, he wanted an accounting of land owners who held lands belonging to the crown along with the number of owned livestock. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. In 1891 and 1901 the number of rooms in a dwelling was listed, if fewer than five. However later census years contain the most thorough information, with marital status and relationship to the head of the household introduced as categories from 1851 onward. Toggle navigation. Parish and county of birth for anyone born in the UK (which included all of Ireland). A census reference has three main elements; a department (letter) code, a series number, and a piece number. The census is a head count of everyone in the country on a given day. Surviving records of these will normally be found in the country of origin, and not in The National Archives. Example of a census form for vessels. The 1911 census was taken on the 2nd April and contains millions more records than the previous 1901 census. The 1921 census, and all later censuses which survive, are kept by the Office for National Statistics. You can also use the Soundex option to find misspelt variations on a name. Introduction. Family History. You may find census references quoted in books and articles, and you will also need to know how to use them if you are consulting our online and hard-copy street indexes (see section 4.2). How the census was taken and on what dates, 4. Find your ancestors in the census with the free search available on our website. The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and has been taken every ten years since. They will remain closed to the public for 100 years after the date they were conducted. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve our services. For quick pointersTuesday to Saturday 10. This information is recorded every ten years, providing us with a dynamic narrative of our ancestors’ lives. Institutions and vessels do not have schedule numbers, instead the information was recorded directly into special enumeration books with numbered pages, as in previous census years. It is the enumeration books that we consult today online or on microfilm. Special schedules for vessels were introduced in 1851, although none are known to survive from that year, so in practice 1861 was the first year to include returns from the Royal Navy and merchant shipping, at sea and in ports at home and abroad. Please note that the limitations of the software that captures website content means that some links within archived web pages do not work. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census. Online versions for the street indexes for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891 are preserved in the UK Government Web Archive. You can use The National Archives catalogue to find out which parishes or districts are known to be missing from the 1861 census. The 1841 census was the first to list the names of every individual, which makes it the earliest useful census for family historians. Old age pensions were introduced in 1908, so the term ‘old age pensioner’ appears for the first time in 1911. There are free indexes to all of these census returns at FamilySearch.org, with links to the images on Findmypast (£). You can also identify pages which are known to be missing within some enumeration districts by using the exact phrase ‘missing pages’ within RG 9. Further Reading. Not only will you find the index to your ancestor’s records but an image as well. UK Public Records Resources Looking for United Kingdom public records? Search and view the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (£). There are some pages missing from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered most. There were specific instructions on recording extra details for several occupations; notably the professions, the armed forces, public servants and anyone involved in agriculture or manufacturing. Genealogy at home: UK Census Records. Historic census forms from 1841-1911 are available to view free on site at the National Archives in Kew (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/). For 1871 census registration district maps see Cassinimaps.co.uk (£). Everyone else, whether wife, son, servant or anyone else, should have been described in relation to this person, but this was not always followed accurately. Case Study. In addition to providing detailed information about national demographics, the results of the census play … If employed by a government, municipal or other public body, the name of that body. 2011 Census Census statistics help paint a picture of the nation and how we live. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. For UK census records, the first place to look is the 1911 Census, which is our most recent collection. However, less information was collected in 1841 than in later census years. Read Local Census Listings or Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles for more information. 1921 Census. We cannot be held responsible for the content of the many sites we link to. The 1950 Census will be released in 2022. Filling out the form below will help us to understand the problem you’re experiencing and contact you as we work to address the issue. These summary books are the only place you will find a description of each building such as ‘House and shop’, ‘Hotel’, ‘Private house’. Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. Blind 2. The dates of the censuses were as follows: In the censuses of 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 lists of names were not collected centrally, although some are held in local record offices. UK Census Records. Simultaneous censuses were taken in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man: returns were archived with those of England. These censuses will only be available 100 years after the date they were conducted. William will also find Wm 3. We do not provide copies of online records – please download to view, Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free, Consider paying for However, this is yet another paid service where you can choose from a monthly, quarterly, 6 monthly or a yearly membership. There are instead enumerators’ summary books which list every address, including unoccupied buildings, and the only names they contain are those of the head of each household (see RG 78). This map illustrates three of the registration sub-districts at the time of the 1891 census. And how to search within and search each of the population and its characteristics, has! Indexed transcript has been published by the Office for National statistics overseas was enumerated ; previously there was no to... Catalogue to find them in a local library from 1841-1911 help paint a of... Many British colonies on the UK the your Archives pages now held in country. 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