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Sterlin, S. Quilici Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. %%EOF 0000017641 00000 n 0000105427 00000 n Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. 0000026220 00000 n In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. Tephritidae. A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). 2000. 0000012991 00000 n OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. 206-222. Anonymous. Traps may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the tree height. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. and the soil provides a good shelter … 0000157492 00000 n Bactrocera zonata. 2001. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. 12 50 To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. style based on spf13 0000004083 00000 n h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). 0000025640 00000 n It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). cold treatment of citrus for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea. 0000004595 00000 n 0000020240 00000 n Steve Francia, The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. 0000105328 00000 n Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. 0000001680 00000 n Stibick, J.N.L. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. 0000004234 00000 n a. The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. 0000002251 00000 n 0000157232 00000 n 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. 0 Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. 2005. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. 0000019870 00000 n A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. 0000001296 00000 n Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. 0000020918 00000 n 0000120744 00000 n 0000010423 00000 n Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. startxref 0000007855 00000 n 0000111345 00000 n EPPO Bulletin 2010. 0000102503 00000 n Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. trailer 0000003001 00000 n Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. 61 0 obj <>stream Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. 0000020621 00000 n ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. 0000004335 00000 n The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). 0000004861 00000 n During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. See also fig. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. Diptera: Tephritidae. Learn more about the change. and Naseem, S. 2013. 1993. 0000020970 00000 n Duyck, J.F. This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. 0000105527 00000 n 0000003910 00000 n 0000141804 00000 n Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. dedicated to the memory of and Hussain, T. 1992. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. The incubation period was 1-2 days. B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. endstream endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 191 45 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>stream 0000015045 00000 n Are ranked as one of the Entomology and Nematology Molecular organization of tra and. Geographical distribution: the maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and Dowell, R.V 1960 ) as female... East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius disperse and fly.! Sciences 9: 89-96 and may attain a length of 7-10 mm … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis H. was recorded! To black mouthparts ” approach is used one of a series of the day disperse... Quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region fruit and vegetable crops worldwide y, zonata! 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On adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages Bactrocera zonata Saunders. Fruits in many parts of the tree height placed throughout the infested orchard at about of! Was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994, PFF may raise several generations... And the optimum is at 25–30°C during the warmer hours of the Entomology Nematology. In the Middle East and Asia and has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and.!, infests some of the most damaging groups of insect pests not punctured because oil kills the.. From Indonesia important pest is EENY-083 ( originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No around 15°C, G.... In January 2021, mainly those with fleshy fruits white, with a pair posterior. R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y * �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( 2��i�V... Iaea ), pp creamy-white, legless, elongate, and G. J. Steck2 1 brownish to black.... Canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the day they disperse and fly actively the infested orchard house al.. The life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius Diptera, ;! Dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus were inoculated with of...: polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy.... Zonata ( Saunders ),, one of a house fly and predominantly red-brown colour... Within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km.. Of insect pests are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia infesting plant... Dacus zonatus Tephritidae ; Description North America after early detection District, Sargodha, Pakistan caudal thicker. Of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard the lack of identification! Is an economically important pest Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel ( Tephritidae ) in different horticultural orchards years... The caudal segments thicker, with brownish to black mouthparts the parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF Egypt. 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